Scar Treatment

Overview

Acne scars are a very common skin disease and nearly everyone more or less has this problem. When the skin pours gets swelled with excessive oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells, inflamed blemishes occur on the skin which in medical term is called acne scars. The healing of this scar depends on how deep the breaking is. If it is a shallow scar, then it gets healed easily. But in the case of the deep break, the bacteria of the infected area also damage the surrounding tissue, making the scar even worse. Though skin naturally cures the scar by generating collagen fibers, the new skin will not be as smooth and flawless as you had.

Acne scars are completely treatable and there are many medical methods that help you fade away those blemishes.  Dermatologists often prescribe laser treatments, minor skin surgeries, and chemical pills to remove the scars. This problem is more noticeable on the skin of the aged people because they lose the collagen forming power

Signs & Symptoms

Acne happens when the hair follicles get blocked by excessive oil and dead skin cells. Blemishes appear on the skin with the different degree of severity. Here are certain signs and symptoms of acne scars given below.

  • Whiteheads (pored filled with sebum, dead skin cells, and bacteria)
  • Blackheads (clogged hair follicles cause small bumps on the skin)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules)
  • Large and painful lumps underneath the skin (nodules)
  • Pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin. (cystic lesions)

The severely inflamed acne lesions are more prone to cause scars on the skin. The development of the scar varies. Some people get affected by the hypertrophic scars which occur when body generates excessive collagen to heal the wounds of acne lesion. Some also have atrophic scars identified as the shallow pitted scar due to a loss of skin tissue. Both problems have different treatments to get rid of it. Consult the dermatologist before the problem gets worsened.

4 Types of scars

Acne scars are mainly of four types and they depend on the appearance of the blemishes and their developments. Before starting the treatment process, identifying the right type is essential to apply the most effective cure for this problem.

4 Types of scars

Acne scars are mainly of four types and they depend on the appearance of the blemishes and their developments. Before starting the treatment process, identifying the right type is essential to apply the most effective cure for this problem.

I Prick Scars

Ice pick scar is very deep in nature. The name says all about the appearance of the skin problem. Deep holes appear on the skin that seems as if the skin gets punctured with the ice pick. This happens due to the production of the less collagen compared to the necessity. Ice pick scars are caused when infected sebaceous gland open on the skin. Such type of the scar is the most difficult one to heal.

Box Scars

Box scars, like an ice pick, are depressed in nature. The appearance of the scar is boxier and broader. Too little collagen formation is also the cause of this scar. It has defined ages and sometimes resembles chicken pox scar.

Rolling Scars

Rolling scars have rounded smooth edges and they are also depressed scar. The healing of the scar is different. Often they have a rough texture or wavy appearance.

Hyphrotrophic Scars

Hypertrophic scars appear when the body stops producing collagen at the time of filling the acne wounds. They are a common type of acne scar that people have. It heals over the time and the bumpiness of the scar gets smoothen as the time goes. Though they do not persist for long, it leaves a mark of the wound on the skin.

 

Who gets & Cause

Though acne is a very common skin problem that everyone more or less has, the acne scars can be caused severely for some people. Below are a few examples where the possibility of causing acne scar is higher.

  • Those who have been caught with the inflammatory acne, they are more prone to have acne scars. The swollen or reddish acne goes deep down the skin, causing a severe damage to it.
  • In the delay of treating inflammatory acne can cause the scar. The scarring will be higher when one keeps the acne in an untreated condition.
  • When you squeeze or pick the acne, then you have a greater tendency to have the acne scar.

These are the few conditions that increase the possibility of acne scars. But it is not possible to say confidently who will develop the problem and who will not. You need undergo a treatment procedure if you really want to get rid of this common skin disease.

What causes acne scar:

When acne appears on the skin, it not only damages the skin but also affects the tissue beneath it.  When your body heals acne, it also tries to repair the damages. As we all know the science, collagen fiber repairs the damaged skin. The scar will cause when your body has an imbalance collagen production. Too much or too little collagen generation causes the scar on the acne area.

Depending upon the collagen production, the scars are divided into two types – depressed acne scars and raised acne scars.

Depressed Acne Scar:

When the body generates too little collagen as compared to the required amount needed for healing the scar, pits appear on the skin.

Raised acne scar:

Due to the excessive collagen production during the healing of the wounds, a raised acne scar appears. It gives you the feeling of uneven skin issue or bumpiness on the skin

Diagnosis & Treatment

Diagnosis of the treatment starts with a consultation. Dermatologists will check your skin thoroughly and try to understand the type of the scar you have. Acne scarring will not look good on your skin and often people want to get rid of it. Consult your doctor to know the best way that is very effective in treating your problem.

Generally, dermatologists consider two important factors before starting the treatment – the type of the scar and the area it appears. Since there are two main categories of the acne scar – depressed and raised, different treatment process will be prescribed by doctors.